WORKS - Disaster Relief Projects

PAPER LOG HOUSE - Turkey, 2000 / Bhuj, India, 2001

紙のログハウス - トルコ-2000, インド-2001

 


Based on the shelter in Kobe, Japan, some improvements were applied to fit in with the environment in Turkey. One unit, for example, was 3 x 6m, a different and slightly larger configuration, which was due to the standard size of plywood in Turkey and also to the country’s larger average family size. Secondly, there was more insulation. Shredded wastepaper was inserted inside the tubes along the walls and fiberglass in the ceiling, and also cardboard and plastic sheets were used for more insulation, depending the resident’s needs.

1999年にトルコの北西部を襲った大地震によって、8万人の人々が家を失った。地域のボランティア団体と協力して建てたこのログハウスは、神戸版をもとに被災地の天候や生活様式に合うように改良している。家族の人数に合わせてサイズを大きくしたり、寒冷地用に紙管の中に紙くずを入れて断熱性能を高めるなどの変更を地元建築家と行った。


 


<India> What makes the India’s log house unique is the foundation and the roof. Rubble from destroyed building was used for the foundation instead of beer crates, which could not be found in this area. It was coated with a traditional mud floor. For the roof, split bamboo was applied to the rib vaults and whole bamboo to the ridge beams. A locally woven cane mat was placed over the bamboo ribs, followed by a clear plastic tarpaulin to protect against rain, then another cane mat. Ventilation was provided through the gables, where small holes in the mats allowed air to circulate. This ventilation also allowed cooking to be done inside, with the added benefit of repelling mosquitoes. For the roof, split bamboo was applied to the rib vaults and whole bamboo to the ridge beams. A locally woven cane mat was placed over the bamboo ribs, followed by a clear plastic tarpaulin to protect against rain, then another cane mat. Ventilation was provided through the gables, where small holes in the mats allowed air to circulate. This ventilation also allowed cooking to be done inside, with the added benefit of repelling mosquitoes.

2001年にインド西部の町ブジを襲った大地震の被災者のために改良した紙のログハウス。建物の瓦礫を土台にして、その上に泥を固めて伝統的な土間床としている。屋根は竹のヴォールト小屋組に既製品で伝統的な籐の網代マットを2重にし、間にビニールシートをはさんで小屋組に固定している。半円径の妻面に籐の網代を使い、ここから自然換気が行われる。

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