Voluntary Architects' Network + Keio University Shigeru Ban Lab + Voluntary Team in Ecuador
On April 16 at 18:58 ECT Ecuador was hit by an earthquake with a magnitude of 7.8. Death toll rised to 663 and 28,775 people were displaced from their homes. The most affected area was the coastal Manabi Province where 646 deaths (97%) have resulted. Voluntary Architects’ Network visited Ecuador during April 30 to May 3, 2016 and discussed about the disaster relief projects with local officials and experts. Cities visited during the first visit were Manta and Portoviejo in the Manabi Province.
Fig.1 Areas Affected by Earthquake in Ecuador
Fig.2 Damaged buildings in Manta
Visit to the Disaster Areas
International organizations and NGOs provided aids to some areas, but not all areas were able to receive aids. One case was in down town Manta where people started to build their own tents and community to live and work within the city. Living condition in such places are poor and there are risks that it could eventually become a slum.
Fig. 3 Temporary house built by local residents
Fig.4 Interior view of temporary shelter
Fig. 5 Community Toilet
Fig. 6 Interviewing the community
Fig. 7 Tents provided by international organizations
Fig. 8 Meeting with Mayor of Portoviejo
The proposed building site is in the heart of downtown Manta along the coast. About 20 families have built up their own shelters (Fig.3,4) and community toilets (Fig.5) after the earthquake but the living condition is poor. These tents will be replaced by new shelters and each family will own their own toilets. We will start the project by providing 20 shelters to the existing community and continue building for other people who have lost their homes. Our goal is to build 100 shelters and they will be built by local volunteers consisting of architectural students and architects.
Fig. 9 Building site in Manta
Fig. 10 View of building site in Manta
Fig. 11 Meeting with deans of 19 architecture faculties of different universities and the Japanese ambassador to Ecuador
Fig. 12 Meeting with local architects who will be the core members of the project
Temporary House Design
he design of the temporary house was based on the Paper Loghouse in the Philippines as the weather condition in coastal Ecuador is Tropical and similar to that of the Philippines. Some revisions were made to make the structure stronger. Local materials were selected to match the local conditions and to reduce the building cost.
Fig. 13 Sketch of temporary house
Fig. 14 Sketch of toilet
Mock-up in Japan
Made by students of Shigeru Ban Lab at Keio University. The mock-up was used to study details.
Fig. 15 Paper tube structure
Fig. 16 Exterior view
Mock-up in Ecuador
Made by local architects and students in Quito using local materials
Fig. 17 Testing floor panels
Fig. 18 Cutting bamboo sheets
Fig. 19 Paper tube structure
Fig. 20 Exterior view
El arquitecto Shigeru Ban disertó ayer en el Rumiñahui ante 4 000 fanáticos （El Comercio, May 3, 2016)
Japonés Shigeru Ban, arquitecto de terremotos, pone manos a la obra en Ecuador（El Comercio, May 3, 2016）
Arquitecto japonés que diseña 'casas de papel' apoyará a Ecuador ante terremoto（La Nación Costa Rica May 2, 2016）
El Telégrafo: Shigeru Ban, el arquitecto japonés especialista en material reciclado（El Telégrafo, May 2, 2016）
Shigeru Ban, arquitecto japonés premio Pritzker, visitará zonas afectadas por terremoto (El Comercio, April 22, 2016)
Shigeru Ban joins disaster relief effort following Ecuador earthquake (dezeen, April 27, 2016)
Supporters and Collaborators
Embassy of Japan in Ecuador
Bienal Panamericana de Arquitectura de Quito
Empresa Pública de Vivienda
Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores y Movilidad humana
Grupo Wong, La Favorita
Fuerzas Armadas del Ecuador
Carmal Hats Casa del Sombrero
Fundación Iglesia de La Compañía
Call for Donations
Voluntary Architects' Network calls for your support in our relief endeavor. Donations made to the following account are very much appreciated. One shelter can be built at a cost of approximately 2,000USD.
・Bank ： THE BANK OF TOKYO-MITSUBISHI UFJ, LTD.
・Branch： HIGASHI-MATSUBARA Branch
・Account Name ： Voluntary Architects Network
・Account No ： 319-0036997
・Swift Code ： BOTKJPJT (or BOTKJPJTXXX if asked for 11-digit code)
・Please add E) at the beginning of the sender’s name for us to verify that the donation has been made for Ecuador project.
Example: E) Taro Yamada
Please email us email@example.com
to let us know of your donation.
Fig. 1: Secretaría Nacional de Planificación y Desarrollo
Fig. 2-8, 11-16: Voluntary Architects' Network
Fig. 9, 10: Google Map
Fig. 17-20: acción colectiva and Carolina Rodas